API Reference

Vuex.Store

import Vuex from 'vuex'

const store = new Vuex.Store({ ...options })

Vuex.Store Constructor Options

state

  • type: Object | Function

    The root state object for the Vuex store. Details

    If you pass a function that returns an object, the returned object is used as the root state. This is useful when you want to reuse the state object especially for module reuse. Details

mutations

  • type: { [type: string]: Function }

    Register mutations on the store. The handler function always receives state as the first argument (will be module local state if defined in a module), and receives a second payload argument if there is one.

    Details

actions

  • type: { [type: string]: Function }

    Register actions on the store. The handler function receives a context object that exposes the following properties:

    {
      state,      // same as `store.state`, or local state if in modules
      rootState,  // same as `store.state`, only in modules
      commit,     // same as `store.commit`
      dispatch,   // same as `store.dispatch`
      getters,    // same as `store.getters`, or local getters if in modules
      rootGetters // same as `store.getters`, only in modules
    }
    

    And also receives a second payload argument if there is one.

    Details

getters

  • type: { [key: string]: Function }

    Register getters on the store. The getter function receives the following arguments:

    state,     // will be module local state if defined in a module.
    getters    // same as store.getters
    

    Specific when defined in a module

    state,       // will be module local state if defined in a module.
    getters,     // module local getters of the current module
    rootState,   // global state
    rootGetters  // all getters
    

    Registered getters are exposed on store.getters.

    Details

modules

  • type: Object

    An object containing sub modules to be merged into the store, in the shape of:

    {
      key: {
        state,
        namespaced?,
        mutations?,
        actions?,
        getters?,
        modules?
      },
      ...
    }
    

    Each module can contain state and mutations similar to the root options. A module's state will be attached to the store's root state using the module's key. A module's mutations and getters will only receives the module's local state as the first argument instead of the root state, and module actions' context.state will also point to the local state.

    Details

plugins

  • type: Array<Function>

    An array of plugin functions to be applied to the store. The plugin simply receives the store as the only argument and can either listen to mutations (for outbound data persistence, logging, or debugging) or dispatch mutations (for inbound data e.g. websockets or observables).

    Details

strict

  • type: Boolean

  • default: false

    Force the Vuex store into strict mode. In strict mode any mutations to Vuex state outside of mutation handlers will throw an Error.

    Details

devtools

  • type: Boolean

    Turn the devtools on or off for a particular vuex instance. For instance passing false tells the Vuex store to not subscribe to devtools plugin. Useful for if you have multiple stores on a single page.

    {
      devtools: false
    }
    

Vuex.Store Instance Properties

state

  • type: Object

    The root state. Read only.

getters

  • type: Object

    Exposes registered getters. Read only.

Vuex.Store Instance Methods

commit

  • commit(type: string, payload?: any, options?: Object)
  • commit(mutation: Object, options?: Object)

Commit a mutation. options can have root: true that allows to commit root mutations in namespaced modules. Details

dispatch

  • dispatch(type: string, payload?: any, options?: Object)
  • dispatch(action: Object, options?: Object)

Dispatch an action. options can have root: true that allows to dispatch root actions in namespaced modules. Returns a Promise that resolves all triggered action handlers. Details

replaceState

  • replaceState(state: Object)

Replace the store's root state. Use this only for state hydration / time-travel purposes.

watch

  • watch(fn: Function, callback: Function, options?: Object): Function

Reactively watch fn's return value, and call the callback when the value changes. fn receives the store's state as the first argument, and getters as the second argument. Accepts an optional options object that takes the same options as Vue's vm.$watch method.

To stop watching, call the returned unwatch function.

subscribe

  • subscribe(handler: Function): Function

Subscribe to store mutations. The handler is called after every mutation and receives the mutation descriptor and post-mutation state as arguments:

store.subscribe((mutation, state) => {
  console.log(mutation.type)
  console.log(mutation.payload)
})

To stop subscribing, call the returned unsubscribe function.

Most commonly used in plugins. Details

subscribeAction

  • subscribeAction(handler: Function): Function

New in 2.5.0

Subscribe to store actions. The handler is called for every dispatched action and receives the action descriptor and current store state as arguments:

store.subscribeAction((action, state) => {
  console.log(action.type)
  console.log(action.payload)
})

To stop subscribing, call the returned unsubscribe function.

Most commonly used in plugins. Details

registerModule

  • registerModule(path: string | Array<string>, module: Module, options?: Object)

Register a dynamic module. Details

options can have preserveState: true that allows to preserve the previous state. Useful with Server Side Rendering.

unregisterModule

  • unregisterModule(path: string | Array<string>)

Unregister a dynamic module. Details

hotUpdate

  • hotUpdate(newOptions: Object)

Hot swap new actions and mutations. Details

Component Binding Helpers

mapState

  • mapState(namespace?: string, map: Array<string> | Object<string | function>): Object

Create component computed options that return the sub tree of the Vuex store. Details

The first argument can optionally be a namespace string. Details

The second object argument's members can be a function. function(state: any)

mapGetters

  • mapGetters(namespace?: string, map: Array<string> | Object<string>): Object

Create component computed options that return the evaluated value of a getter. Details

The first argument can optionally be a namespace string. Details

mapActions

  • mapActions(namespace?: string, map: Array<string> | Object<string | function>): Object

Create component methods options that dispatch an action. Details

The first argument can optionally be a namespace string. Details

The second object argument's members can be a function. function(dispatch: function, ...args: any[])

mapMutations

  • mapMutations(namespace?: string, map: Array<string> | Object<string | function>): Object

Create component methods options that commit a mutation. Details

The first argument can optionally be a namespace string. Details

The second object argument's members can be a function. function(commit: function, ...args: any[])

createNamespacedHelpers

  • createNamespacedHelpers(namespace: string): Object

Create namespaced component binding helpers. The returned object contains mapState, mapGetters, mapActions and mapMutations that are bound with the given namespace. Details