Getters

Sometimes we may need to compute derived state based on store state, for example filtering through a list of items and counting them:

computed: {
  doneTodosCount () {
    return this.$store.state.todos.filter(todo => todo.done).length
  }
}

If more than one component needs to make use of this, we have to either duplicate the function, or extract it into a shared helper and import it in multiple places - both are less than ideal.

Vuex allows us to define "getters" in the store. You can think of them as computed properties for stores. Like computed properties, a getter's result is cached based on its dependencies, and will only re-evaluate when some of its dependencies have changed.

Getters will receive the state as their 1st argument:

const store = new Vuex.Store({
  state: {
    todos: [
      { id: 1, text: '...', done: true },
      { id: 2, text: '...', done: false }
    ]
  },
  getters: {
    doneTodos: state => {
      return state.todos.filter(todo => todo.done)
    }
  }
})

The getters will be exposed on the store.getters object:

store.getters.doneTodos // -> [{ id: 1, text: '...', done: true }]

Getters will also receive other getters as the 2nd argument:

getters: {
  // ...
  doneTodosCount: (state, getters) => {
    return getters.doneTodos.length
  }
}
store.getters.doneTodosCount // -> 1

We can now easily make use of it inside any component:

computed: {
  doneTodosCount () {
    return this.$store.getters.doneTodosCount
  }
}

You can also pass arguments to getters by returning a function. This is particularly useful when you want to query an array in the store:

getters: {
  // ...
  getTodoById: (state) => (id) => {
    return state.todos.find(todo => todo.id === id)
  }
}
store.getters.getTodoById(2) // -> { id: 2, text: '...', done: false }

The mapGetters Helper

The mapGetters helper simply maps store getters to local computed properties:

import { mapGetters } from 'vuex'

export default {
  // ...
  computed: {
    // mix the getters into computed with object spread operator
    ...mapGetters([
      'doneTodosCount',
      'anotherGetter',
      // ...
    ])
  }
}

If you want to map a getter to a different name, use an object:

...mapGetters({
  // map `this.doneCount` to `store.getters.doneTodosCount`
  doneCount: 'doneTodosCount'
})

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